If you’re like the rest of us, when you moved into your new place, you probably didn’t think twice about the router that came with it, In fact, many of us don’t even know what a router does or why we need one in our homes, That’s because most of us simply plug in our internet modem into our computer and start surfing the web, But if you want to get the most out of your home internet connection (and keep your data secure) setting up a proper home network is an absolute must.
A router is a networking device that forwards data packets between computer networks, Routers perform the traffic directing functions on the Internet, Data packets are forwarded from one router to another via the networks that constitute the internetwork until they reach their destination node.
The most familiar type of routers are home and small office routers that simply forward IP packets between an IP network and the Internet, With home networking comes more privacy concerns and more security you need to take extra steps to protect your network from being surveilled by anyone else in the house.
The best home networking devices out there have strict policies about what kind of traffic can and cannot pass between the network and the Internet, In this article, we’ll cover the different types of home networking devices and what they offer you, Here is a list of the main types of the router: wall mount wireless routers (WMR), router/APs; access point(AP); wireless extenders; wireless repeaters; all-in-one wireless routers, Wireless routers come in different shapes and sizes and they all serve different purposes.
WMRs are the easiest to install and use routers because there are only a few components to install and connect, A WMR typically has a wireless transceiver in it that relays data packets between internal network components, and it often has a remote management tool (router), built-in media-scanning capabilities (Netflix or Spotify), and sometimes it comes with web-based management features (If you’re up for the idea of monitoring your Wi-Fi connection from the couch).
Of course, there are different brands and models of WMR devices but the ones we’ll be discussing here are always called AirPort Extreme, Apple AirPort, Asus RT-AC5300, Belkin Nighthawk X10/X10C, Linksys EAP-LG44AP, Netgear WN722R, Qosmio EAP-R312, Netgear WN2300, The features you can find on these routers are: APs are wireless access points, They are gateway routers that destination connects and then send data packets to other computers and devices in the local network, APs connect with a switch in front of your router allowing you to configure network interface cards (NICs).
Common router mistakes and their fixes
Common router mistakes and their fixes:
- Not changing your SSID and password to something unique, If you don’t change the default SSID and password, anyone can find your network and access it.
- Not using WPA2 security, WEP security is outdated and easily hacked, Use WPA2 security instead.
- Not using IKEA bridges, The IKEA bridges are a boondoggle, They never really worked the first time and there’s little reason to believe they’ll work the second or third time.
- Not setting up security on your LAN exactly as you do on your router, You don’t want everyone on your network to be writing everyone else’s email addresses on their hard drives and having login credentials for those accounts floating around easily.
- Not setting up multiple SSIDs for your network, Having too many SSIDs causes problems down the road because people can guess your network name just by looking at your router’s user interface.
- Not seeing how much available bandwidth your wireless router has, Upload and download speeds can be drastically reduced if your wireless router is under bandwidth limit.
- Not setting your WAN IP address correctly, If your router has a WAN IP address assigned, only allow people who are connected directly to your router to access the internet, Having separate LAN and WAN IP addresses means someone connected via a wired network in one location, for example, can access the internet on your network even if they aren’t connected directly to your router.
- Not setting up an access point on your network, Access points are connected directly to your router and therefore these RRDs can access any network on your network, including the internet.
- Not setting up a static IP address, Load balancers or any other type of gateway do not make your network any more secure, If your actual IP address changes, so will everyone’s access to your network.
- Not testing your internet connection each month, Solving most home networking problems quickly requires a knowledgeable technician But checking your internet connection once a month can save a lot of stress.
How to set up your home network with a wireless router
Your wireless router is the hub that all of your devices connect to, which sends and receives the connection that you use to get online, If you’re having trouble with your wireless connection or have a lot of devices that need to be connected, then you’ll need to set up your home network with a wireless router.
Thankfully, setting up a wireless network is a relatively simple process, and there are a few so-called “bundles” of wireless routers that are specifically designed for consumers, That said, a modern Gigabit router is capable of reaching speeds up to 1 Gbps and can be more cost-effective than installing your own personal router.
Keep in mind, though, if you aren’t familiar with how fast wireless networks go, simply spending a good amount of time browsing the internet might hinder you from reaching those next speeds, If you’ve already decided that you want to create a home network, you’re probably going to start by looking at the router that’s right for you.
After all, all routers are probably going to be different in terms of configuration and are probably going to provide different strengths and weaknesses to your home network, Before you even consider the specs of a router you should really determine if you’re going to have a wired or wireless internet connection in your home because wired internet speeds are typically faster than wireless.
Several speed test tools exist to help you determine if you have the best internet speed possible,
- The most popular readspeedrs.com can be used to readjust the download and upload speeds of your network.
- Speedtest Intelligence is a free tool that can be downloaded and used to test your internet speeds in many different areas around the United States and millions of computers worldwide, Another free tool from an internet performance testing company.
- Ookla is available called speed test ping where you can see how much time it will take for your internet connection to cross the global internet speed benchmark.
Finding the right wireless router for your needs and budget
Choosing the right router for your needs is crucial, If you’re a heavy gamer or love to stream video, you’ll need a high-powered router to meet your needs, If you’re a casual internet user, a basic router will do the trick, You can also opt for a router that has both a 2,4ghz and 5ghz wifi signal, letting you pick which one you use depending on what you’re using the internet for, If you’re still not sure which models to buy, browse our list of the best routers for beginner and advanced users, or itemize the features you want in your new router of choice.
A router is a piece of equipment that connects your internet connection (WiFi or otherwise) to your other home and/or office electronics, Because routers connect your wifi network to your wall sockets, it’s crucial that you choose the right one for your home—and that’s not always straightforward.
The most popular type of router is called a wireless network attachment (or wifi extender), It simply connects your home wifi to any wireless outlet around the house, There are hundreds of different wifi extenders and mesh systems available, and each one is ideal for a couple of different reasons.
A router that connects your wifi to your wifi extenders Most routers will only connect to one of the wifi networks available on your extenders, Known as Point-to-Point-Link, this connection is ideal for users who just want to browse the web or those who want to stream a video while away from their primary wifi, Point-to-Point-Link routers are also ideal if you want to add a second internet connection (such as for cable or satellite internet) so that you can connect to your home internet at the same time.